Doji Candlestick Pattern – Types, Charts, and Examples

Doji Candlestick Pattern – Types, Charts, and Examples
Doji Candlestick Pattern

In the intricate world of stock markets, the language of candlestick patterns serves as a nuanced guide for astute investors and traders. Among these patterns, the enigmatic Doji candlestick pattern stands out, capturing the essence of market indecision and potential trend reversals.

As investors and traders, understanding candlestick patterns is critical to navigating the complexities of price action – similar to deciphering a financial Morse code. So, whether you are a seasoned professional seeking to refine your strategies or a novice enthusiast eager to grasp the essentials, understanding Doji candlestick patterns is instrumental in making informed decisions.

Hop on to know more.

What Is a Doji Candlestick Pattern?

Each candlestick has four parts – an opening price, closing price, high prices and low prices of the day. Examining these will offer you an idea about the stock’s price movement. The opening and closing prices together build a thick section, called the body. The higher the difference between the opening and closing prices, the longer the candle’s real body will be. On either side, the stock’s highest and lowest prices create wickers or shadows.

The Doji candlestick pattern is one such type of candlestick chart belonging to the family of Japanese candlestick charts, invented in 17th century Japan by rice traders to trade. Its name is derived from its unique formation, which denotes indecision or mistake.

The Doji candlestick pattern often appears during an uptrend or a downtrend of a stock, signifying equality between bullish and bearish trends. It is a possible indication of a trend reversal, a moment to “pause and reflect” for more convincing patterns to appear. For instance, if a Doji candlestick pattern flashes during an uptrend, it might mean that buying momentum is slowing down. However, it can also be temporary indecision, and the stock market may continue to move in the same direction afterward. 

The difference between the Doji candlestick pattern and other candlestick patterns is that it has no real body. The opening and closing values are the same, with different highs and lows. The length of upper and lower shadows (wicks and tails) vary, mimicking a plus sign, cross, or inverted cross.

Types of Doji Candlestick Patterns

Types of Doji Candlestick Patterns

The following are the different kinds of Doji candlestick patterns:

Doji Star Candlestick Pattern

The Doji star candlestick pattern resembles a star with identical opening and closing values and equal lengths of upper and lower wicks.
The Doji star candlestick pattern appears when neither a bullish nor bearish trend is significant enough to sway market sentiment.

Dragonfly Doji

This Doji candlestick pattern lies at the bottom of a downtrend, signifying rejection of lower prices. Dragonfly Doji does not represent market indecision but signals a potential reversal of the upward trend. You can identify a Dragonfly Doji pattern from its unique appearance, long bottom wick, and no real body. Dragonfly Doji indicates that sellers initially drove prices higher, but buyers took control by the end of the session, driving prices back up to the session high.

Long-legged Doji

This is a Doji star candlestick pattern with extended upper and lower wicks. It also denotes uncertain sentiment with higher volatility.
This type of Doji candlestick pattern represents a considerable amount of indecision as neither sellers nor buyers take control.

Gravestone Doji

The Gravestone Doji candlestick pattern is the opposite of Dragonfly Doji. It appears during an uptrend, indicating market rejection for higher prices. It does not have a real body and extended upper shadow. Gravestone Doji denotes that buyers initially pushed prices higher, but sellers took control toward the session’s end, pushing prices back down to the session low.

4-price Doji

4-price Doji appears as a single horizontal line or a pretty small cross, depicting high-level market indecision. It is characterized by having all four price levels – open, close, high, and low – significantly close to each other, resulting in a small or nonexistent real body.

Understanding the Doji Candlestick: Morning Doji Star Candlestick Pattern and Evening Doji Star Candlestick Pattern

On a broad basis, there are about a hundred Japanese candlestick patterns, such as bullish vs. bearish and reversal vs. continuation, as well as simple and more complex formations.

The morning Doji star candlestick pattern and evening Doji star candlestick patterns are two such types of pattern that are more complex formations, mostly because they are based on three successive candles.

The Morning Doji Star Candlestick Pattern

The Morning Doji Star Candlestick Pattern

The morning Doji star candlestick pattern appears on price charts, signaling a potential downtrend reversal. It is formed over three consecutive days and contains the following four elements:

First Candle (Bearish)

The morning Doji star candlestick pattern begins with a long bearish (downward) candle, indicating a prevailing downtrend.

Second Candle (Doji)

The second day forms a Doji candle, characterized by a small real body where the opening and closing prices are pretty close or identical. The Doji represents indecision and a potential loss of momentum in the downward trend.

Third Candle (Bullish)

The third day completes the pattern with a long bullish (upward) candle. This candle opens higher than the previous day’s (Doji) close and closes near or above the midpoint of the first day’s bearish candle. The bullish candle signifies a potential reversal in sentiment as buyers regain control.

The Evening Doji Star Candlestick Pattern

The Evening Doji Star Candlestick Pattern

On the other hand, the evening Doji star candlestick pattern has the same structure and is also a reversal pattern. Unlike the morning star, the evening Doji star candlestick pattern occurs at the top of an uptrend and signals a potential change in the price movement.

Alt three conditions in the morning star structure are also valid for the evening Doji star candlestick pattern. Near the end of an uptrend, the first candle should be long and bullish, and the second one should be at the top and signal indecision. In contrast, the third and final candle signals the start of a reversal as buyers are no longer in control over the price action.

Example of Doji Candlestick

Why are doji candles important?

Why are doji candles important

The following factors underscore the importance of Doji candlestick patterns for traders:

Potential Trend Reversals

Dojis occurring within established trends, especially at key support or resistance levels, often act as warning signs. They indicate a potential momentum shift, suggesting that the current trend might lose steam and a reversal could be brewing.

Volatility Prediction

The length of the upper and lower shadows (wicks) of a Doji provides information about market volatility. Long shadows indicate higher volatility, while short shadows suggest lower volatility. Traders use these insights to check how uncertain the market is.

Variety of Information

Multiple Doji variations—gravestone, dragonfly, and long-legged—offer more specific information. Each type, based on the shadows’ length and surrounding context, hints at specific sentiments like bullish or bearish indecision. 

Doji Candlestick Pattern vs. Spinning Top

Doji and spinning tops both are similar in nature, and represent market indecision.

  • Real Body Size: If the candlestick’s real body is around 5% of its total size, it is called Doji. Else, it is a spinning top. 
  • Market Indecision: Doji candlestick patterns signify strong market indecision with equal open and close, whereas spinning top indicates indecision with a larger range between open and close.

When either appears in the trading chart, look for other indicators, such as Bollinger Bands, before planning entry or exit.

Limitations of the Doji Candlestick Pattern

Limitations of the Doji Candlestick Pattern

While the Doji candlestick pattern is a valuable tool in technical analysis, it comes with certain limitations that investors and traders alike must be aware of:

  • False Signals: Doji patterns occasionally produce false signals. Market indecision, which the Doji represents, may not always lead to a reversal or significant price movement. Sometimes, it could simply indicate a temporary pause in the trend.
  • Market Volatility: Doji patterns may be less reliable in highly volatile markets. Extreme price fluctuations and sudden market movements make it challenging to interpret the significance of a Doji accurately.
  • Time Frame Sensitivity: The effectiveness of Doji patterns varies based on the chart’s time frame. What appears as a Doji on a shorter time frame might not have the same implications when viewed on a longer time frame.
  • Overuse: Due to their prevalence in charts, Doji patterns might be overused, leading to a situation where traders interpret them too frequently. Relying solely on Doji signals without considering technical factors can result in suboptimal decision-making.
  • Lack of Specificity: While Doji patterns indicate indecision, they do not provide specific information about the direction or magnitude of a potential price movement. Traders need to complement Doji analysis with demand & supply theory to make informed decisions.

Using A Doji Candlestick Pattern to Predict a Price Reversal

Reversal Precursor: The Doji candlestick pattern often emerges when a price reversal is around the corner. This acts as an early indicator of an impending shift in market direction.

Indecision Showcase: The Doji pattern reflects market indecision, capturing the balance between buyers and sellers.

Shift in Sentiment: Doji means more than just neutrality; it implies a potential transition in investor sentiment. Seasoned traders take this as their sign to prepare for changes in market dynamics.

From Charts to Profit

High-probability trades are identified through a convergence of entry and exits based on the trends of support and resistance (Demand & Supply). Without identifying those two components in advance, a Doji is just a tiny piece of information that helps a trader determine a higher probability point to enter and/or exit a position.

However, when used in conjunction with other forms of analysis, Doji candlestick patterns can help confirm or negate significant highs/lows. This, in turn, allows a trader to determine whether a short-term trend will likely reverse or continue.

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What is a Doji candlestick pattern?

A Doji candlestick pattern in technical analysis appears when the opening and closing prices of a particular stock are nearly equal. It is not a strong indicator but suggests a potential trend reversal, especially when showing up after an uptrend or downtrend.

How is a Doji different from other candlesticks?

A Doji’s body is virtually non-existent, meaning there is minimal difference between the opening and closing prices. Other candlestick patterns have varying body lengths depending on the price difference between opening and closing. Additionally, Dojis primarily signify market indecision, while other candlesticks convey information like bullish/bearish trends and continuation/reversal patterns

What does a Doji indicate in technical analysis?

A Doji indicates uncertainty between buyers and sellers. Its formation, with a small body, signifies that the opening and closing prices are pretty close. Traders interpret Doji as a potential reversal or a pause in the prevailing trend, prompting caution and a close watch for possible shifts in market sentiments.

Are Doji patterns reliable signals for traders?

While the Doji candlestick pattern can show valuable signals, they do not guarantee definite price direction. To improve trading accuracy, you should combine it with technical factors, including volume analysis, trend identification, and support/resistance zones. Moreover, analyzing market conditions makes Dojis more meaningful.

How do market analysts interpret Doji formations?

Market analysts interpret the Doji pattern based on:
Context: In trends, Dojis near highs/lows reflect potential reversals. In sideways markets, they’re less meaningful.
Type: Dragonfly/Gravestone Dojis hint at bullish/bearish reversals, while others show indecision.
Confirmation: Dojis alone are weak signals. Analysts confirm from other indicators—volume, momentum, and support/resistance—for stronger trading signals.

Can a single Doji candle impact trading decisions?

Yes, a single Doji candle can impact trading decisions, especially when it occurs at significant support or resistance levels, or after a prolonged trend. Traders often interpret a Doji as a signal of market indecision and potential reversal, prompting them to exercise caution or consider adjusting their positions. However, further confirmation from other indicators, such as trends, volume, or support/resistance levels, is critical instead of solely relying on a single chart pattern.

What market conditions favor Doji candle patterns?

The following market conditions favor Doji candlestick patterns:
Established uptrends or downtrends
Significant support or resistance levels
Periods of stock price consolidation, characterized by low volatility and uncertainty
High trading volumes

Are there variations of the Doji candlestick?

The Doji candlestick pattern has these variations:
Dragonfly Doji: Long lower shadow, no upper shadow—hints at a possible bullish reversal from a downtrend.
Gravestone Doji: Long upper shadow, no lower shadow—suggests a potential bearish reversal from an uptrend.
Long-Legged Doji: Both upper and lower shadows are long, signifying strong indecision and possible trend continuation.
Four-Price Doji: Rare pattern with all four prices (open, high, low, close) identical, indicating maximum indecision and potential volatility. 


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